Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27 1 Activists are working to bridge the gap between religion and homosexuality and to make denominations friendlier to the community. In regression analyses, heterosexuals' negative attitudes toward transgender people were predicted by a lower education level, greater religiosity particularly among womenendorsement of traditional gender role attitudes, lack of prior contact with sexual minorities, the belief that society is changing too rapidly, and higher levels of sexual prejudice negative stereotypes reinforce the belief that gay relationships are based toward gay men.
The question of whether gay men and lesbians should be allowed to serve openly in the military has sparked some of the most emotionally charged public policy debates in the United States in the past two decades. The authors express appreciation to Greg Herek, Orit Avishai, and Scott Gartner for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this work.
Issues of sampling, instrument design, data collection, and data analysis are discussed. Using responses to the Attitude Functions Inventory AFI , respondents were categorized according to the dominant psychological function served by their attitudes: 1 evaluative based on instrumental concerns about personal risk for infection , or 2 expressive based on a need to affirm one's self concept by expressing personal values.